Civil rights are an expansive and significant set of rights that are designed to protect individuals from unfair treatment. They are the rights of individuals to receive equal treatment in a number of settings, including education, employment, housing, public accommodations, and are based on certain legally-protected characteristics. Most laws guaranteeing and regulating civil rights originate at the federal level, through federal legislation such as the following laws:
Civil rights also come from federal court decisions. States that pass them through the state constitution and other laws can be more protective of civil rights than their federal equivalents. Municipalities like cities and counties can also enact ordinances and laws related to civil rights.