"Personal injury" cases are legal disputes that arise when one person suffers harm from an accident or injury, and someone else might be legally responsible for that harm.
A formal personal injury case typically starts when a private individual files a civil complaint against another person, business, corporation, or government agency, alleging that they acted carelessly or irresponsibly in connection with an accident or injury that caused harm.
Most disputes over fault for an accident or injury are resolved through informal early settlement, usually among those personally involved in the dispute, their insurers, and attorneys representing both sides. A settlement commonly takes the form of negotiation, followed by a written agreement in which both sides forgo any further action, choosing instead to resolve the matter through payment of an agreeable amount of money.
Statute of Limitations
Statute of Limitations puts a limit on the time a plaintiff has to file a lawsuit. Generally speaking, the period of time dictated by a statute of limitations begins when the plaintiff is injured or discovers the injury. Statutes of limitations are established by state law and often vary by type of injury.