In the United States it is unlawful to harass a person (an applicant or an employee) because of that person's sex.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 puts sexual harassment into two groups:
Quid pro quo sexual harassment is where a manager asks or hints to their subordinate at sexual favors in return for employment benefits. Some common benefits include: wage increases, new offices, promotion, or more desirable shifts. Common repercussions for not accepting a supervisor's advances include termination, threats, demotion, or wage decrease.
Hostile work environment sexual harassment is when there are repeated sexual advances, sexual gestures, jokes, or other comments that prevent an employee from doing their job.
Broadly, it is the employer's responsibility to maintain a workplace that is free of sexual harassment. Because of this, employers are often liable for their supervisors' actions or another employees' actions.
Most employers are encouraged to protect themselves by setting up a sexual harassment policy, and by establishing a clear reporting policy that employees can use when they feel they're being sexually harassed in the workplace.
If an employer has been made aware of sexual harassment in the workplace or they should've been aware and they do not take action, they can face liability.
Documenting Sexual Harassment
Whether you're the victim of sexual harassment or you're an employer looking to set a policy for handling seuxal harassment claims, you should know what to document.
The following things are typically included: